Pigfish

Other Names: Piggy, Piggy Perch, Grunt. Pigfish are characterized by irregular barring on the cheeks, a mottled appearance, or indistinct, irregular v

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Littlehead Porgy

The littlehead porgy, Calamus proridens is an ocean-going species of game fish of the family, Sparidae. It is only found in the western portion of the

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Gulf Kingfish

Often referred to as whiting. Similar to the Southern Kingfish but caudal fin has a blackish tip; side silvery, without dark marks; tip of spinous dor

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Bay Anchovy

The bay anchovy is a small, translucent fish that lives in schools throughout the Chesapeake Bay. It is the most abundant fish in the Bay. Bay anchovi

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Ballyhoo

The ballyhoo or bally, Hemiramphus brasiliensis, is a baitfish of the halfbeak family (Hemiramphidae). It is similar to the Balao halfbeak (Hemiramphu

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Spot

The spot croaker (Leiostomus xanthurus) or spot is a small saltwater fish species inhabiting estuary and coastal waters along the eastern coast of Uni

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Southern Kingfish

The southern kingfish, southern kingcroaker, the king whiting or the Carolina whiting, is a species of marine fish in the family Sciaenidae. It lives

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Scaled Sardine

The scaled sardine, Harengula jaguana, is a herring-like fish in the family Clupeidae. It is native to coastal waters of the western Atlantic Ocean, f

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Gulf Menhaden

The Gulf menhaden (Brevoortia patronus) is a small marine filter feeding fish belonging to the family Clupeidae. The range of Gulf menhaden encompasse

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Bigeye Scad

The bigeye scad (Selar crumenophthalmus) is an oceanic fish found in tropical regions around the globe. Other common names include mas bango, akule, c

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Southern Stingray

Identification: Color brownish dorsally and whitish ventrally. Disc broad angular (rhomboid) with pointed corners. Snout moderate, not protrusive. Spi

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Red Snapper

Appearance: Color pinkish red over entire body, whitish below. Long triangular snout. Anal fin is sharply pointed. No dark lateral spot. Red eye. Habi

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Palometa

Appearance: Grayish-blue-green on top of head and along the back. Bright silvery sides. Yellow on breast. Elongated dorsal and anal fins. Dusky or bla

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Lesser Amberjack

Appearance: Olive green or brownish black and silver sides. Dark band (variably present) extends upward from eye. Juveniles have split or wavy bars on

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Hardhead Catfish

Appearance: Brownish to gray-green. White to yellowish below. Fin spines with no fleshy filaments. Barbel at corner of mouth not very flattened and sh

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Gafftopsail Catfish

Appearance: Bluish above. Silvery below. Dorsal and pectoral fins with long, fleshy filaments on spines. Barbel at corner of mouth flattened, bandlike

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Fantail Mullet

Appearance: Color olive green with blue tints on back, shading to silvery sides, white below. Anal and pelvic fins yellowish. Dark blotch at base of p

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Banded Rudderfish

Appearance: Fish that are less than 11 inches long have a dark band from the eye to the first dorsal fin and six prominent bars on body. Larger fish a

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Bull Shark

Habitat: Common apex predator that inhabits estuarine, nearshore and offshore waters of both the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of Florida. Commonly enters

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Yellowtail Snapper

Description: Back and upper sides olive to bluish with yellow spots; lower sides and belly with alternating narrow, longitudinal pink and yellow strip

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White Grunt

Description: Body color light bluish-gray, head with horizontal blue stripes, white underbelly; black blotch on preopercle; margin of each scale bronz

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Sheepshead

Description: Basic silvery color, with 5 or 6 distinct vertical black bars on sides, not always the same on both sides; prominent teeth, including inc

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Schoolmaster

Description: Color olive gray on upper sides with yellow tinge, sometimes with reddish tinge around head; long triangular snout; eight pale vertical b

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Scamp

Description: Color light gray or brown; large adults with elongated caudal-fin rays; reddish-brown spots on sides that tend to be grouped into lines;

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Sand Perch

Description: Body and dorsal fins with many dark brown bars and alternating orange and blue horizontal lines; head with many blue lines; preopercular

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Red Porgy

Description: The only American porgy with a rear nostril that is round (not slit-like); head and body silvery red, with many tiny blue spots. Size: To

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Red Grouper

Description: Color brownish red; lining of mouth scarlet-orange; blotches on sides in unorganized pattern; second spine of dorsal fin longer than othe

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Mutton Snapper

Description: Color olive green on back and upper sides, all fins below the lateral line having reddish tinge; bright blue line below eye, following co

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Mangrove Snapper

Description: Color dark brown or gray with reddish or orane spots in rows along the sides; dark horizontal band from snout through eye (young only); t

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Mahogany Snapper

Description: Color grayish-olive with a reddish tinge; conspicuous dark spot, about the size of the eye, below the soft dorsal fin, 1/4 to 1/2 of it b

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Lane Snapper

Description: Color silvery-pink to reddish with short, irregular pink and yellow lines on its sides; diffuse black spot, about as large as the eye; th

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Knobbed Porgy

Description: Body deep; front profile very steep; nape projects strongly in large adults; body generally silvery, with a rosy cast; cheek and snout da

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Hogfish

Description: Body deep, strongly compressed; color varies, but never bicolored; usually reddish, sometimes bright brick red; soft dorsal fin with a la

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Greater Amberjack

Description: Dark stripe (variably present) extends from nose to in front of dorsal fin and “lights up” when fish is in feeding mode; no s

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Gray Triggerfish

Description: Entirely olive-gray; dorsal and anal fins marbled; caudal fin lobes elongate in large adults; one or more enlarged scales behind gill ope

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Grass Porgy

Description: Pale tan to silvery; dark olive above; dark bar across nape extends through eye to corner of mouth; dark blotches on body, in about 5 ver

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Goliath Grouper

Description: Head and fins covered with small black spots; irregular dark vertical bars present on the sides of body; pectoral and caudal fin rounded;

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Gag Grouper

Description: Brownish gray in color with dark worm-like markings on sides; strong serrated spur at bottom margin of preopercle, less noticeable in lar

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Dog Snapper

Description: Color brown with a bronze tinge, lighter on sides; canine teeth very sharp, one pair notably enlarge, visible even when mouth is closed;

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Cubera Snapper

Description: Color dark brown or gray, may have a reddish tinge; broad-based triangular tooth patch on roof of mouth without a posterior extension; de

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Black Sea Bass

Description: Basic color dark brown or black; dorsal fin has rows and stripes of white on black; large males have iridescent blue and ebony markings,

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Almaco Jack

Description: Deep-bodied amberjack; sometimes darker in coloration; front of soft dorsal and of anal fins high and elongated; body more flattened than

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Yellowmouth Grouper

Description: Color tan or brown with darker spots; spots, or a network of spots, fused into lines; distinct yellow wash behind the jaws; yellow around

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Yellowfin Grouper

Description: Color highly greenish olive or bright red with longitudinal rows or darker black blotches over entire fish; outer one-third of pectoral f

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Warsaw Grouper

Description: Uniformly dark brown, with no distinctive markings; dorsal fin with 10 spines; second spine very long (much longer than third); caudal fi

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Vermilion Snapper

Description: Color of entire body reddish, with a series of short, irregular lines on its sides, diagonal blue lines formed by spots on the scales abo

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Silk Snapper

Description: Pinkish red over entire body, long triangular snout; anal fin sharply pointed; no dark lateral spot; yellow eye. Similar Fish: Red snappe

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Rock Sea Bass

Description: Color olive-bronze, with dark blotches forming vertical bars; dark black blotch on middle of dorsal-fin base; tip of lower jaw purplish;

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Queen Snapper

Description: Color of back and upper sides red, lower sides; silvery body long and slender; dorsal fin distinctly notched; large eyes; caudal fin deep

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Nassau Grouper

Description: Color light background with brown or red-brown bars on sides; stripe in shape of tuning fork on forehead; third spine of dorsal longer th

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Jolthead Porgy

Description: Generally silvery to brassy, with a bluish cast; front of head brown, with blue line along lower rim of eye; a whitish stripe below eye,

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Blackfin Snapper

Description: Color generally red, with yellowish caudal, anal, and pelvic fins; distinctive and prominent dark comma-shaped blotch at the base of the

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Black Grouper

Description: Olive or gray body coloration with black blotches and brassy spots; gently rounded preopercle. Similar Fish: Gag, M. microlepis; yellowfi

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Bank Sea Bass

Description: Pale olive or brassy-brown in color with indistinct black blotches that form vertical berrings (the blotch above pectoral fin darker); wa

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Weakfish

Description: Dark olive or blue-green back; sides covered in tones of blue, purple, lavender, gold, and copper; irregular diagonal rows of baguely-def

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Tarpon Snook

Description: Only snook with 7 anal fin rays (others have 6); lower jaw curves upward; compressed body; prominent black lateral line extends through t

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Tarpon

Description: Last ray of dorsal fin extended into long filament; one dorsal fin; back dark blue to green or greenish black, shading into bright silver

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Swordspine Snook

Description: Smallest of the snooks; profile slightly concave; prominent lateral line outlined in black (not solid), extends through caudal fin; color

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Striped Mojarra

Description: Body dark olive above; tan to silvery on side, often with a metallic sheen; conspicuous blackish stripe along center of each scale row, e

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Seatrout (Spotted)

Description: Dark gray or green above, with sky-blue tinges shading to silvery and white below; numerous distinct round black spots on back, extending

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Seatrout (Silver)

Description: Pale straw-colored above, silvery sides and white below; no distinctive pigmentation, although faint diagonal lines may be present on upp

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Silver Perch

Description: Color silvery with yellowish fins; no spots; no chin barbels; no prominent canine teeth at tip of upper jaw; preopercle finely serrated;

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Seatrout (Sand)

Description: Pale body color, yellow above, silver to white below; one or two prominent canine teeth usually at tip of upper jaw; inside of mouth yell

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Redfish

Other Local Names: Red drum. Description: Chin without barbels; copper-bronze body, lighter shade in clear waters; one to many spots at base of tail (

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Ladyfish

Description: Terminal mouth; slender body; small scales; last dorsal ray not elonged; head small and pointer. Similar Fish: Juvenile tarpon, Megalops

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Gulf Flounder

Description: Body color brown, its shade depending on color of bottom, with numerous spots and blotches; 3 prominent eye-like spots forming a triangle

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Fat Snook

Description: Deeper body than other snook. Color yellow-brown to green-brown above, silvery on sides. Black lateral line extends onto tail. Mouth reac

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Common Snook

Description: Distinct black lateral line; high,divided dorsal fin; sloping forehead; large mouth, protruding lower jaw; grows much larger than other s

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Bonefish

Description: Silvery color with bluish or greenish back; slender, round body; snout long, conical, aiming downward and overhanging lower jaw; dark str

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Black Drum

Description: High arched back; 10 to 14 pairs of chin barbels; gray or black colored body in adults; young have 4 to 6 vertical bars; has cobblestone-

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Atlantic Spadefish

Description: Silvery, with 4 to 6 black vertical bands on each side which sometimes become obscure in larger fish; deep, flattened body; separated fir

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Atlantic Croaker

Description: Inferior mouth; 3 to 5 pairs of small barbels on chin; silver-gray or bronze body with dark oblique wavy bars or lines; iridescent especi

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Tripletail

Description: Head and body variously mottled, tan to dark brown; fins (except spinous dorsal and pectoral fins) almost black; pale olive band across b

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Permit

Description: Color gray, dark or iridescent blue above, shading to silvery sides, in dark wates showing golden tints around breast; small permit have

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Lookdown

Description: Silvery, iridescent, sometimes with brassy highlights; body extremely compressed and deep, platelike; front of head very steep; lobes at

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Little Tunny

Territory: Common offshore. Size: 20-25 lbs but usually caught 5-10 lbs. Remarks: An excellent baitfish for marlin and other large game fish, poor tab

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King Mackerel

Description: Color of back iridescent bluish green, sides silvery; streamlined body with tapered head; no black pigment on front of the first dorsal f

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Horse Eye Jack

Description: Similar in shape to the Crevalle jack, but front of head less steep; blackish blotch at edge of opercle small, poorly defined, or absent;

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Great Barracuda

Description: Gray, with a greenish cast above, whitish below; many irregular, small black blotches on lower side; 18 to 22 diagonal dark bars on upper

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Florida Pompano

Description: Greenish gray on back, shading to silvery sides; fish in dark waters showing yellow on throat, pelvic, and anal fins; deep flattened body

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Crevalle Jack

Description: Color bluish-green to greenish-gold back and silvery or yellowish belly; soft dorsal and anal fins almost identical in size; prominent bl

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Cobia

Description: Long, slim fish with broad depressed head; lower jaw projects past upper jaw; dark lateral stripe extends through eye to tail; first dors

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Cero Mackerel

Description: Color of back iridescent bluish green; sides silvery; yellow spots forming lines above and below a bronze stripe from pectoral fin to bas

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Bluefish

Description: Color blue or greenish blue on back, sides silvery; mouth large; teeth prominent, sharp, and compressed; dorsal and anal fins nearly the

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Blue Runner

Description: Color light olive to bluish green above, silvery gray to golden below; frequently black spot on operculum; readily distinguished from cre

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Atl. Spanish Mackerel

Territory: Inshore, near shore and offshore, especially over reefs; absent from north Florida waters in winter. Size: Average catch less than 2 pounds

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African Pompano

Description: Body is deep and compressed; coloration is metallic-blue above, silvery below; snout is blunt; pelvic fins are longer than the maxilla; s

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Yellowfin Tuna

Description: Pectoral fin moderately long, reaching point below beginning of second dorsal fin; second dorsal fin and all finlets yellow; no white rea

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White Marlin

Description: Color of body dark blue to chocolate brown, shading to slivery white underbelly; noticeable sports on dorsal fin; upper jaw elongated in

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Wahoo

Description: Body slender; elongate jaws form a pointed beak; dark bluish above, with about 30 dark bars; whitish below first dorsal fin long and low,

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Swordfish

Description: Color of back variable, black, grayish blue, brown, metallic purple, or bronze; sides dusky; underbelly dirty white; long flat, sword-lik

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Sailfish

Description: Color dark blue on top, brown-blue laterally, silvery white underbelly; upper jaw elongated in form of spear; first dorsal greatly enlarg

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Longbill Spearfish

Description: Color of body dark blue, shading to silvery, white underneath; dorsal fin bluish, others brown-black; two dorsal fins, the first lengthy,

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Dolphin

Description: Bright greenish blue above, yellow on sides, with capability of flashing purple, chartreuse, and a wide range of other colors; body taper

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Blue Marlin

Description: Color cobalt blue on top shading to silvery white on bottom; upper jaw elongated in form of a spear; dorsal fin pointed at front end; pec

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Blackfin Tuna

Description: Pectoral fin moderately long, reaching point below beginning of second dorsal fin; second dorsal fin dusky; all finlets dusky, with white

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Shortfin Mako

Description & Behavior: The shortfin mako shark, Isurus oxyrinchus (Rafinesque, 1810), aka mako, shortfin, short-finned mako, blue pointer, macker

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Scalloped Hammerhead

Habitat: A common tropical and subtropical shark that inhabits the open ocean and the shallow coastal waters of both the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of F

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Sandbar Shark

The sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, comes from the Carcharhinidae family of sharks, also called requiem sharks. The sandbar shark is also called

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Bonnethead Shark

Habitat: Abundant in nearshore Florida waters. Commonly seen over shallow sand and mud flats. Moves into deeper coastal waters during the colder month

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